The withdrawal of the Soviet/Russian armed forces and the end of the occupation (Essay of the chronology of the troop withdrawal negotiations)

Vladimir Jarmolenko
Former Ambassador of Lithuania to Bucharest, E-mail: vladimir.jarmolenko@gmail.com

Acknowledgements
This speech was presented at the Sixth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania Historical memory, the politics of memory and cultural identity: Romania, Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea Region in comparison, hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Faculty of History and Political Sciences of Ovidius University of Constanța and International Summer School of The University of Oslo, Norway, May 22-23, 2015. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, The EEA Fund for Bilateral Relations, contract no. 910/20.03.2015.

Abstract:
This speech discusses the withdrawal of the Russian troops from the Republic of Lithuania mostly based on some personal recollections and the integration of research conclusions reached so far in the scholarly literature. The paper outlines the international environment which made the withdrawal of Russian troops from Lithuania possible, the goals of the Lithuanian side and the peaceful means to achieve them as well as the responsibility of foreign occupations resting upon the shoulders of Russian state then and now, as the legal heir of the Soviet Union. This speech is to be perceived as an exercise of historical memory.

Rezumat:
Acest discurs discută retragerea trupelor rusești din Republica Lituania în mare parte pe baza unor amintiri personale și prin integrarea concluziilor cercetărilor realizate până în prezent în literatura de specialitate. Lucrarea descrie mediul internațional care a făcut posibilă retragerea trupelor rusești din Lituania, obiectivele lituaniene și mijloacele pașnice utilizate pentru a le atinge, precum și responsabilitatea ocupației străine care cade în sarcina statului rus, atunci și acum, ca moștenitor legal al Uniunii Sovietice. Acest discurs trebuie perceput ca un exercițiu de memorie istorică.

Keywords: Lithuania; foreign occupation; Russian troops; Soviet Union; Neostalinism, historical memory

https://balticnordic.hypotheses.org/files/2018/12/09.-Jarmolenko.pdf